Durga Puja- Rituals & Facts

Posted by Niladri Roy 15/05/2019 0 Comment(s) Traveling,



Durga puja rituals & facts



One of the most celebrated festivals across West Bengal  is Durga Puja. The festival of Durga Puja takes place during the season of autumn. This festival holds the emotion of a woman returning to her maternal house for a week which is portrayed through Goddess Durga’s stepping into the earth with her four children. Durga Puja is celebrated with great enthusiasm and love all over India, but the real taste of Durga Puja, the fragrance of Kash full, the excitement and the lightning prevailing in the shorten to the shortest street lies in the city of joy, Kolkata.

An enriching history patiently hides behind this Durga Puja which waits to get revealed.

As per Hindu Mythology  the king of demons Mahishasura started thinking of a trick by which the Gods could be defeated. So he prayed to Brahma and ask him to bless him with such powers that no man, god, demons could defeat him. Acquiring such powers, he tried to attach and rule over the divine power. At that time Shiva, planned to introduce a female divine power with the collective energy of all Gods. They named her Goddess Durga and she brought an end to the king of demons Mahishasura , as he did not mention to Bramha that, no women should defeat him too.


tarpan on Mahalaya




Mahalaya descends Goddess Durga to to earth on the day of amavashya, which is known as mahalaya. In this day by honour and respect is offered to the ancestors. Early in the morning hindu mythologicalare played.




bodhon at Shasti




 Six days latter Mahalay, on Maha Shasti, it is said that Goddess Durga enters in her idol among with her four children. Goddess’s face is uncovered and hence the glamourous celebration of Durga Puja starts.





Nabapatrika- MahaSaptami


Before the break down, nine plants which resembles the nine form of Goddess Durga is bunched together. In front of GoddesssDurga’s idol a mirror is made to stand and the reflection of the mirror is give a bath.

  1. Banana plant- Represents Goddess Brahmani
  2. Colocasia plant- Goddess Kalika
  3. Tumeric plant- Goddess Durga
  4. Jayanti plant- Goddess KartikiAfter this they play with sindoor vermillion among the
  5. Bel leaves- Lord Shiva
  6. Pomegranate leaves- Goddess Raktadantika
  7. Asoka leaves- Sokrahita
  8. Arum plant- Chamunda
  9. Rice paddy- Goddess Lakshmi


sandhi puja at kolkata


Sandhi Puja-

  Maha Nabami – At the exact movement of the ending of Ashtami and the beginning of Nabami, it is said that Goddess Durga assassinated the demon Mahishasura. The last 24 minutes of Ashtami and the first 24 minutes of Nabami Sandhi Puja takes place.





Sindoor Khela-


Dashami- On the last day of Durga Puja, people bade Goddess Durga a goodbye, tinge of sindoor or vermilion on her forehead and a piece of sweet her lips is given by marraid women. After this they play with sindoor vermillion among themselves.





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